best Java IDE 2023

Guide to Selecting the Ideal IDE 2023

In the dynamic world of software development, Java continues to be a cornerstone, lauded for its versatility and robustness. In 2023, Java's relevance remains unwavering, with its ability to craft multi-platform applications making it a preferred choice for developers. A pivotal element in harnessing Java's potential is choosing the right Integrated Development Environment (IDE). This guide aims to navigate you through the best Java IDEs, enhancing your development process and giving you a competitive edge.

The Significance of Java IDEs

A Java IDE is not just a tool but an integral part of the development process. It provides a cohesive environment for writing, testing, and managing Java applications. Essential features like code editing, debugging, project management, and integration with build tools are embedded in these environments, amplifying productivity and efficiency.

Top Java IDEs: Tailoring to Your Business Needs

Selecting an IDE is a decision that hinges on your project’s nature and requirements. Here’s an overview of the top Java IDEs that cater to diverse development needs:


Eclipse, trailing closely behind IntelliJ IDEA, stands out as a highly favored Java IDE, attributed to its impressive array of features. Its status as a free, open-source platform is just the beginning. The Eclipse Marketplace unlocks a realm of customization, allowing developers to tailor their application development process with an extensive range of plugins.

Eclipse's versatility extends beyond the desktop, with a cloud edition that revolutionizes the development experience. This feature enables coding directly in a web browser, coupled with cloud storage for your projects, ensuring access to your code from virtually anywhere.

Perhaps Eclipse's most compelling feature is its support for over 100 programming languages, making it an ideal choice for developers who engage in multi-language projects. Eclipse's broad language support positions it as a versatile and inclusive IDE option.

Advantages of Eclipse:

  • Compatible with Linux, macOS, Solaris, and Windows, offering broad accessibility.
  • Entirely free, making it accessible for developers of all levels.
  • A rich plugin ecosystem for enhanced customization.
  • User-friendly interface, particularly beneficial for beginners.
  • Advanced debugging capabilities to streamline the development process.
  • Exceptional language support, catering to a wide range of programming needs.
  • Features like automatic code completion to enhance coding efficiency.

Considerations When Using Eclipse:

  • Performance may slow down with the installation of numerous plugins.
  • Tends to consume more system resources compared to other IDEs, requiring a robust system for smooth operation.
  • Memory management issues could lead to occasional crashes, especially when juggling multiple workspaces.

Eclipse's blend of flexibility, extensive language support, and cloud-based coding capabilities make it a strong contender in the Java IDE landscape for 2023, suitable for diverse development scenarios and skill levels.

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Apache NetBeans, a stalwart in the Java IDE sphere for over two decades, stands as a top choice for developing desktop, mobile, and web applications. Its longstanding reputation is bolstered by its open-source nature, making it accessible and adaptable for a wide range of development needs. NetBeans supports an array of languages, including JavaScript, PHP, HTML5, and C++, catering to diverse programming requirements.

NetBeans is equipped with a suite of features typical of high-caliber IDEs, such as syntax highlighting, streamlined code refactoring, and an assortment of wizards that facilitate the quick creation of Java applications. It also offers a plugin portal for developers to tailor their environment to specific needs. The IDE's support for the Apache Ant project system adds another layer of versatility, enhancing its utility in various development scenarios.

Advantages of Apache NetBeans:

  • Compatible with Windows, Mac, and Linux platforms.
  • Wizards for quick and easy Java application development.
  • Integrated support for the Apache Ant project system.
  • Versatile language support including JavaScript, PHP, HTML, and more.
  • Up-to-date with support for Java 19.
  • Seamless integration with web application servers like Tomcat and GlassFish.
  • Effective version control compatibility, including Git.
  • Built-in support for Maven, facilitating project management.

Considerations for Apache NetBeans:

  • The debugger may exhibit slow performance.
  • High memory and resource consumption.
  • Longer load times compared to some other IDEs.
  • Compilation and execution processes might lag behind other IDEs in terms of speed.

Apache NetBeans continues to be a strong contender in the Java IDE market, offering a rich set of features and extensive language support. Its open-source status and adaptability make it a reliable choice for a wide range of Java development projects.

IntelliJ IDEA

In the Java IDE landscape of 2022, JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA emerged as a significant player, capturing a substantial market share. This IDE, developed in Java, transcends beyond Java programming, embracing other JVM-based languages such as Kotlin and Groovy. IntelliJ IDEA's ergonomic design is a standout feature, offering a wealth of functionality in a streamlined interface that avoids overwhelming its users. The IDE enhances coding efficiency with features like smart completion, cross-language refactoring, and data flow analysis, effectively balancing rich functionality with ease of use.

IntelliJ IDEA is available in two distinct editions. The Community Edition is free and open-source, licensed under Apache 2, and primarily focuses on Android and JVM development. The Ultimate Edition, on the other hand, is a paid version catering to more advanced web and enterprise development needs, offering a more comprehensive feature set.

Advantages of IntelliJ IDEA:

  • An ergonomically designed, user-friendly interface enhances the development experience.
  • Compatible across multiple platforms, including Linux, macOS, and Windows.
  • Offers a wide range of customization options for personalized development.
  • Supports various JVM-based languages, making it a versatile choice.
  • An integrated version control system simplifies project management.
  • Extensive plugin and integration support for added functionality.
  • Incorporates Gradle, a contemporary build system for Java projects.

Considerations for IntelliJ IDEA:

  • The Ultimate Edition might represent a significant investment for smaller development teams or solo developers due to its subscription model.
  • The IDE's resource-intensive nature may require a powerful computing setup for optimal performance.

In 2022, IntelliJ IDEA's combination of versatility, ergonomic design, and a wide range of features solidified its position as a top choice for Java developers seeking an efficient and user-friendly IDE.

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Originally developed in 1999 by John Rosenberg and Michael Kolling for educational purposes, BlueJ has evolved into a favored Java IDE among both novices and seasoned developers. Its appeal lies in its interactive, user-friendly interface, making it an excellent learning tool for beginners and a streamlined, efficient platform for experienced Java professionals. As of 2023, BlueJ is acclaimed as one of the premier free Java IDEs, particularly well-suited for web development.

BlueJ's repertoire includes standard IDE features and extends its capabilities with innovative functionalities like dynamic object creation, interaction, and a visually oriented code editor. These features foster an engaging, hands-on programming experience. BlueJ stands out with its unique offerings such as scope coloring, code pads, and object benches, enhancing the coding process. Furthermore, its portability adds to its versatility and convenience.

At the heart of BlueJ's interface is the UML (Unified Modeling Language) diagram, which outlines the application's class structure. This feature is invaluable for grasping Object-oriented programming concepts. Additionally, the interactive nature of the objects on the screen provides an ideal environment for experimenting with and testing object prototypes.

Advantages of BlueJ IDE:

  • Robust debugging tools that enhance code analysis and troubleshooting.
  • User-friendly design that is straightforward to navigate.
  • Compatibility with a wide range of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and Mac OS.
  • The incorporation of advanced features like an object bench, a code pad, and scope coloring, fosters a unique coding experience.

Considerations for BlueJ IDE:

  • Limited suitability for large-scale projects, with a tendency towards instability under heavy loads.
  • While BlueJ is excellent for beginners, it may not fulfill all the requirements for more complex, feature-rich applications.

In summary, BlueJ continues to be a top choice for those seeking a Java IDE that balances simplicity with innovative features, particularly beneficial for those new to Java or working on smaller-scale projects.


MyEclipse IDE, developed by Genuitec and based on the Eclipse platform, distinguishes itself as a commercial Java IDE that surpasses the offerings of many free alternatives. Designed to augment the basic Java developer profile provided by Eclipse, MyEclipse incorporates a plethora of additional tools and features that cater to a wide array of development needs, including database integration, persistence frameworks, and Spring development. Its versatility makes it equally adept for both backend and frontend development.

Available in six distinct versions, MyEclipse caters to a diverse range of developer requirements:

  • Standard: Tailored for Java EE developers, enhancing overall development efficiency.
  • Professional: Builds upon the Standard edition with added tools for comprehensive enterprise development.
  • Spring: Specifically designed for developers working with the Spring framework.
  • Blue: Focused on development for IBM WebSphere environments.
  • Bling: Combines the features of the Blue and Spring editions for advanced WebSphere and Spring development.
  • Secure: A pre-configured version of MyEclipse integrated with Secure Delivery Center for heightened security and streamlined deployment.

Advantages of MyEclipse IDE:

  • Compatibility with Linux, macOS, and Windows, ensuring broad accessibility.
  • Incorporates code live with live preview, enabling real-time coding and debugging.
  • Equipped with a comprehensive toolkit that supports the full lifecycle of software development.
  • Offers an optimized combination of technologies for efficient application development.
  • Features advanced database visualization tools for enhanced data management.

Considerations When Using MyEclipse IDE:

  • MyEclipse is a paid IDE but offers a 30-day trial for new users to explore its features.
  • May not be the most user-friendly option for beginners in Java development.
  • Tends to be resource-intensive, requiring a more robust system for smooth operation.
  • The compilation process in MyEclipse can be slower compared to other Java IDEs.

In summary, MyEclipse IDE stands out as a powerful, feature-rich environment for Java developers who require advanced capabilities beyond those offered by free IDEs. Its variety of editions allows developers to choose a version that best suits their specific project needs, making it a versatile choice for both novice and experienced Java professionals.


A lightweight IDE, DrJava is tailored for simplicity and learning, perfect for beginners to explore Java programming.

  1. JCreator: Favored for its efficiency and user-friendly interface, JCreator is a practical choice for developers working on small to medium-sized Java projects.
  2. Spring Tool Suite (STS): Optimized for projects based on the Spring Framework, STS comes with pre-configured templates and tools, streamlining Spring application development.
  3. JDeveloper: Developed by Oracle, JDeveloper specializes in building Java-based enterprise applications, particularly on the Oracle platform.
  4. Visual Studio Code with Java Extensions: VSCode, while not a full IDE, is a versatile editor that can be augmented with Java support through extensions. It’s ideal for developers seeking a lightweight yet customizable environment.

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Integrating the Right IDE into Your Java Development Workflow

Choosing the right Java IDE for your business is a strategic decision that can influence your development workflow and output quality. Consider factors such as ease of use, support for modern development practices, and integration capabilities.

Recruiting Skilled Java Developers

Post selection of your ideal Java IDE, the next crucial step is assembling a proficient team of Java developers. Look for professionals who are not only technically skilled but also align with your company’s culture and project objectives.


The choice of a Java IDE in 2023 is more than a tool selection; it’s a foundational aspect of your Java development strategy. By understanding each IDE’s unique offerings and aligning them with your business needs, you can position your projects for success. Coupled with the right team of developers, your business can leverage Java’s capabilities to its fullest, creating robust, scalable, and efficient applications.

At Hiretop, we specialize in connecting businesses with top-tier dedicated developers. Our network ensures that your chosen IDE is effectively utilized, ensuring seamless integration and efficient development.